Small groups: Breaking up into small groups can be good for exploring ideas and discussing them in greater detail. Another strategy is to have participants write out their answers to a question. The individuals take on an active role in this learning process. Workshops will introduce tools and techniques for facilitating group discussion and activities. A common structure for group facilitation discussions is to apply Divergent and Convergent Thinking: First, you help the group broaden their horizons and generate new ideas or … Let people list all the pros and cons they can think of. (2004) Student perceptions of effective small group teaching. Be clear up front about expectations and intentions amongst participants and the facilitator. Try to keep the group on task without rushing them. Roberts Rules? Take pride in the role of facilitation, and enjoy watching the … Brushy Fork Institute Facilitation is a skill and an art in handling or dealing with the diversity and differences of the participants in working toward a shared goal or commitment. Assume participants all have the same expectations when the group first convenes. Group Discussion Situations. Below is a list of Share personal experiences rather than make general statements about groups of people (stereotyping). Try giving each person two to four votes (depending on the length of the list and number of people) to distribute among the choices. Most facilitation techniques require that the facilitator manage all time-keeping, take notes of all discussions, and work with the group to create rules under which the group will function while in session. A well-designed online discussion engages students in an open-ended conversation that promotes deepened understanding of a topic. Give specific time limits and instructions. What do I bring to the group? 3. Instead, the facilitator is in charge of the meeting process – “how” the meeting will progress through the agenda topics. Smaller groups may help put some students at ease. The facilitator needs to make sure that each person within the group participates, so occasionally the facilitator … It works in small to moderate size groups, but bogs down with larger numbers (more than a dozen or so). Steps: Ask the group to reflection on a topic/problem/research . The materials are broken down into "modules" and facilitation trainers can use some or all of them to suit their needs. (“Characteristics that may give you a unique perspective”). This principle informs a number of facilitation techniques, including, for example, how the facilitator flip charts a team’s input. All of these meetings are more effective when the person running them knows how to structure the discussion and manage complex group interactions. To be truly effective, an online discussion needs to be facilitated by you in a way that encourages conversation and promotes exploration. This is the original book by Judith Belmont. Your ability to make everyone comfortable, encourage everyone to speak up, enforce a respectful tone, and manage the pace will determine the quality of the discussion … Brainstorming generates lots of ideas and sparks creative thinking. Brainstorming ... discussion. Have someone from each small group give a summary report on the discussion. & Jensen, M. (1977) Stages of Small Group Development. Prevents ramblings and tangents. Participants will engage in different types of facilitation, discussion, and identify the challenges that they expect to face and develop solutions using the tools presented. Over-generalize behavior or have stereotypical expectations of participants (tokenism). You can introduce the topic by asking questions. Download this PDF to print as a handout. The group can make selections from the results using voting (ranking or rating) and/or consensus techniques. The second reason is that facilitation tools and techniques make it much easier to manage the inevitable ups and downs that are part of every project. A facilitator is a guide to help people move through a process together, not the seat of wisdom and knowledge. I want to give you some ideas to help facilitate positive discussion in your small group… Hutchins Library supports the educational mission of the college by maintaining a rich collection of materials in a variety of formats. A fac i litator’s role is to guide the group through the meeting processes of deliberate dialogue, topic discussions, and decision-making. Brainstorming: List as many ideas as possible, as quickly as possible. EDC staff is always available to help you find or refine more discipline-specific techniques. A prepared copy of the information captured during the session should be provided within one week after the ses-sion. Give all participants a voice- at the start highlight the value of a diversity of perspectives as an essential part of the process. You may occasionally need to ask if something is a pro or a con: some things will be both. If you want to improve your facilitation skills and lead better meetings, try these 10 facilitation techniques. Facebook Summarizes discussion, synthesizes people’s comments when helpful, and notes key areas of agreement, to help move the group forward. She or he can lay ground rules for discussion, such as asking participants to focus conflict on ideas rather than people and to resist being judgmental. ... Have someone from each small group give a summary report on the discussion. Another approach is to break down the group into still smaller task groups. A facilitator is a skilled questioner who can help equalize participation, elicit wisdom, and clarify the situation at hand. Small-Group Discussions: Facilitation Strategies and Selected Models Strategies for Facilitating Small-Group Discussions. Participants will engage in different types of facilitation and discussion and identify the challenges that they expect to face. (Acrobat Format), Office Address Adjust your facilitation style. Alternatively, you may wish to reframe their comments, making them viable additions to the discussion. Small group discussion is so important, and really is the place where the Word can be applied as much as any other time. Group discussion is a continuous discussion, a live interaction in which you examine a subject or problem from different angles and viewpoints. Ground rules: The following are suggestions to get you started. 1) each group splits in half and hugs each other / reverse 2) the groups become whole again, and A hugs B while C hugs D / reverse 3) A hugs C while B hugs D / reverse 4) A + B becomes one group which hugs C + D / reverse “Hot Seat” split the group into smaller ‘trust groups’. Meta-planning is a simple technique that encourages individuals to express their thoughts on the issue under discussion. The facilitator can take a strong position as moderator, preventing participants from interrupting each other or speaking simultaneously. It’s hard work facilitating. You’re Flexible and Able to Adapt on the Fly. It’s tiring and takes a lot of effort to hold a … That means a facilitator isn't there to give opinions, but to draw out opinions and ideas of the group members. Roberts Rules is comprehensive a set of specific rules by which members of meetings can conduct their meeting process in a very orderly fashion, thereby helping to ensure that members get the most out of meetings. TIPS stands for Treatment Ideas & Practical Strategies. Explain the topic. They let you and other members Other ways to handle these situations include: Confrontation - Facilitators can confront the questioner with their reactions to his or her behavior. (2007) Allowing Not-Knowing in a Dialogic Discussion. Facilitating WIC Discussion Groups Guidelines, Concepts, and Techniques Providing a Discussion Group is an attempt to give individuals a more meaningful experience that involves shared learning. Facilitating Discussion Groups Now that you’ve watched the presentation and the film and have everything ready, it’s time to lead the youth in a facilitated discussion. The goal of the facilitator is to help group members engage in meaningful dialogue with one another. These techniques can be modified or combined to suit a group's needs. A way to approach the dominant participant and pull in non-participants is to redirect the discussion to another person or another topic. There are a number of creative techniques for facilitating effective discussion groups. The Facilitation topic area is great for people who need to teach something or get results with a group. Ask dominant participants to allow others to speak. Three of the most common focusing techniques are the use of Objectives, Action Items, and the Parking Lot.Never hold a meeting without defining and communicating the reasons or purpose of the meeting. Participants or students who attack often want attention, so simply giving them some recognition while firmly moving on often takes care of the problem. (1997) Clinical discussion sessions and small groups. Straw polls: When faced with a list of options, straw polls provide an alternative to voting. By. The 25 group facilitation techniques are sorted into 6 categories from “imagine more ideas” to “plan for action”. The facilitator might say, “What I’m saying is…, but now I'd like you to share your perspective.” Turning the question back to the questioner forces him or her to take responsibility for his or her opinion. The facilitation style needs to meet the needs of the group at different … Changing that trend requires using facilitation techniques that will refocus tangent discussions while keeping the group engaged and motivated. Take care of yourself. Having the words written out may make it easier for a shy or fearful person to speak up. To Explore: Group discussions designed to explore one's own views and views of others. The facilitator guides a discussion of the topics laid out in the meeting agenda, with the purpose of moving the team towards a common goal. The International Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, accessed July 2008. http://academics.georgiasouthern.edu/ijsotl/v1n1/feito/ij_feito.htm. Develop an awareness for barriers for learning (cultural; social; experiential, etc). Maintaining discussions often means dealing as smoothly as possible with the problems that arise. You will be the facilitator and assist a group discussion. Creating a Collaborative Learning Environment Guidebook, Center for Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning (University of Wisconsin-Madison). Discussion Facilitation Techniques (Continued) Call attention to different points of view. End the discussion. Generating discussion is tough for leaders, but is extremely important to having an effective small group discussion. The second reason is that facilitation tools and techniques … Discourage alternate views or counter-arguments. Steinert, Y. A second strategy is to ask opinion questions occasionally (e.g., “How do you feel about this?”). Give participants 2 minutes to write down their response/comment on the issue at hand before initiating open group discussion Pose a question to the group in the written meeting announcement and ask … appoint a timekeeper with a second hand or a stopwatch. Covers: i) Conducting effective meetings; ii) Developing facilitation skills; iii) Capturing what people say; and iv) Techniques for leading group discussions. Limit your own opinions and input in order to give the entire group … Facilitator Intervention Technique The nature of the intervention depends on the nature of the problem in the group. The facilitation style needs to meet the needs of the group at different development stages. This … Although we went through some of these tips in the presentation, it helps to have the tips in front of you during the discussion. List all the comments in the appropriate columns and try not to argue with the suggestions for improvement! Draw a line down the middle of a flip chart page. Even if the participants know what that topic is, give them a quick refresher before the discussion begins. Discussion groups are an excellent method for engaging students in learning and reinforcing course material. Two or more ideas from a brainstorm can be combined to create something else entirely. Speed Consulting is a group … “I’m uncomfortable with the imprecision of your questions. Handelsman, J., Miller, S., & Pfund, C. (2006) Scientific Teaching: Diversity, Assessment, Active Learning (New York: W.H. Use (or allow others to use) disrespectful language or tone, or disrespectful non-verbal communication. For example, a directive style of facilitation works well at the beginning of a meeting. Another application is to have each person write down several ideas, then go around the group and let each give one idea. 2, pp.419-427. What surprises or challenges me? a group discussion. Group Facilitation and Problem-Solving A guide to conducting meetings and facilitating groups from the University of Kansas’ Community Tool Box. discussion. Discussion is a powerful mechanism for active learning; a well-facilitated discussion allows the participant to explore new ideas while recognizing and valuing the contributions of others. If the question is one of values, the facilitator may use the occasion to help participants become aware of the values involved. Useful Questions for Dialogue Facilitation Resource. Discussion Techniques. Instagram, Consumer Information & Student Right to Know, Consumer Information &Student Right to Know, Visit Berea College/Visitor Center & Shoppe. Facilitating a Quiet Group | Facilitation Skills Training. Workshops will introduce tools and techniques for facilitating group discussion and activities. Listing pros and cons: This is a good way to evaluate an idea. Go around again and again until no one has any new ideas to list. Internet Resources From the Electronic Discussion on Group Facilitation The Art of Hosting Good Conversations Online. Available on Amazon. If such conflicts are left ambiguous, they may cause continuing trouble. Encourage Relationship-Building. Experienced facilitators may have gathered and learned various techniques in supervising a group discussion and helping the group … YouTube There are no clear cut positions or stands to be taken. Tips for Facilitating Great Discussions. This is because participants typically prefer someone to initially take charge and take them in the right direction – particularly in new group … 2 Useful Videos YouTube Video: Essential Skills for Effective Interpersonal Group Facilitation • Collect and save all notes and recordings. Some things facilitators don’t do: Dominate the speaking space. Round-robin reporting: Go around the group and ask each person to respond to the question or proposal at hand. Virtual facilitation best practices include having a plan to call on meeting participants as they have input to add. Provide opportunities for participants to pair-share. Perhaps assigning the avid talker to the observer role would help the person develop sensitivity. Creating an environment where everyone participates is a critical component of facilitation. Active listening - Facilitators can paraphrase the message they heard and check out the accuracy of their assumptions before responding. Use certain conventions or language that will exclude certain groups from understanding the context of the discussion, or make them feel uncomfortable. Not being afraid to admit your own ignorance or confusion if you don’t know something – invite others to provide resources, and use the opportunity to discuss with the group how one might go about researching the issue. A skilled facilitator fost… Treat participants with respect and consideration. Effective facilitation of a discussion involves the recognition and employment of different perspectives and different skills to create an inclusive environment. The facilitator doesn’t need to be an expert in the content - the “what” - of the meeting. Facilitation … Browse the site for information on classes, transcripts, and degree requirements. What behaviors am I most familiar or comfortable with? This includes clarity on when a meeting participant will be leading a discussion, and when it’s time for group discussion or decision making. The facilitator can also restate points for verification or rejection by the participants, or give enthusiastic nonverbal cues and patience. Tuckman, B. You can then eliminate ideas with little or no support, focusing more in-depth discussion on the remaining options. Group and Organizational Studies, vol. Design is only part of the process, though. Some facilitators keep discussions on track by listing the questions or issues they want to cover on the board or summarizing the discussion on the board as it proceeds. Bring closure to the discussion. A group of two or three generally doesn’t need a leader to have a good discussion, but once the number reaches five or six, a leader or facilitator can often be helpful. At the end of the session a summarization of the major points recorded during the discussion should be reviewed. Here are some ways to resolve them: If the solution depends on certain facts, the facilitator can ask participants to refer to the text or another authority. Freeman & Co.), Sellers, S.L., Roberts, J., Giovanetto, L., Friedrich, K. & Hammargren, C. (2007) Reaching All Students-A Resource for Teaching in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (Second Edition) (Madison, WI: Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning). 8. Medical Education, 38:286-293. Next, to the time frame and group size, you will find the needed materials … There are a number of creative techniques for facilitating effective discussion groups. The following are suggestions to get you started. When the group numbers eight or more, a leader or facilitator, … A way to approach non-participants is to provide opportunities for smaller group discussions or pair-share discussions. Deferring - Often, the best strategy is to invite participants to come up after the session and arrange for a time to talk about the disagreement further, and then move the discussion on to another topic. as individuals, then; as pairs sharing their reflections or research, then; as four-person groups synthesizing their concerns or ideas, then Description: A discussion format that uses a process of "sliding" the structure of the group discussion up and down levels of interaction. When facilitating, take time to think about the process and agenda, and learn the skills you need to take the event through to a successful conclusion. Even if you borrow for special learning opportunities or to replace your family’s total contribution, you will have a low debt compared to national trends. In order to do so, it is important to consider the features of effective discussions, and conditions that promote small group interaction and engagement. Ask for clarification if unclear about a participant’s intent or question. Facilitation tools for meetings and workshops A compilation of tools and techniques for working in groups and facilitating meetings or workshops Seeds for Change ... contributing to discussion in the whole group, asking questions when they don't understand, … Expert facilitation using creative approaches, tailored to your needs. Provide sufficient time and space for participants to gather their thoughts and contribute to discussions. Our generous Tuition promise scholarship makes it possible for you to graduate debt-free. Workshops will introduce tools and techniques for facilitating group discussion and activities. Students are engaged in a learning environment that encourages them to be active learners, workers, and servers. Surgical Neurology, 47:400-403. Discussion groups are an excellent method for engaging students in learning and reinforcing course material. Boice, R. (1996) First-Order Principles for College Teachers: Ten Basic Ways to Improve the Teaching Process (Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing Co.). These techniques can be used to serve the needs of a group in exploring ideas and making decisions. Asking follow-up questions, and paraphrasing the comments for everyone to ponder. They can be modified or combined to suit a group’s needs. The Facilitation topic area is great for people who need to teach something or get results with a group. They can be modified or combined to suit a group’s needs. Make the discussion functional by clarifying the goals of each session to the group. Berea College boasts eight centers which serve our campus and community in a variety of ways. Highlight differences of opinion by pointing out, without judgment, what the differences are. Facilitator’s Techniques for Group Discussions. Group discussion is not a debate in which you either support or oppose the topic. In other words, instead of telling the group that Galatians was written by Paul to the church in Galatia, I should ask the group, "Who is the author of Galatians? It’s often both a goal and a motivator for many people in groups to … 10 meeting facilitation techniques to improve your skills Most skilled facilitators - just like most anyone who excels in any art, science, or sport - are made through study and practice. To Raise Awareness: Group discussions designed to share specific information and to hear about the views and perspectives of others. Facilitating Group Discussions. Facilitation techniques are tools used to enable a group to work together to formulate a joint decision. If participants are simply trying to embarrass the facilitator, they may seek to make him or her defensive with such comments as, “How do you really know that…?” or “You’re not really saying that…?” Such questions can be handled by playing boomerang. With … Round-robin reporting: Go around the group … You can ... Have someone from each small group give a summary report on the discussion. If you find yourself as the lead facilitator of the group discussion, here are three things you can do to guide your group through a dynamic and helpful conversation: 1. encourage everyone to participate. These groups are led by a facilitator who manages the session in order to reach an appropriate outcome. This helps people see both sides of a proposal and brings out considerations that may have been overlooked. When participants argue for the sake of argument, facilitators will usually lose if they take the bait. Go over constructive and destructive group behaviors at the start of the course / workshop. EDC staff is always available to help you find or refine more discipline-specific techniques. Facilitation Being able to facilitate a discussion is being able to draw out the ideas, insights, perspectives and genius that exists in the team you are working with, while keeping the team focused on achieving their desired end goal. First in pairs and then as a whole group, ask the staff to discuss which opinion they agree with and why. Self care. This may encourage participation by reducing participants’ fear of answering incorrectly. Facilitators to get prepared for your discussion group and then come back to this guide for the next steps. Explore common resources for campus and community. Facilitator’s Techniques for Group Discussions. And who was it writte… Facilitation is an interesting, rewarding and important role to take on. Announce that the discussion is ending and ask the group if there are any final comments or questions before you pull the ideas together. Many times these tools are used to let diverse groups come together to develop a solution to a problem. • Thank the group for participating; let them know how the discussion results will be used. Re-visiting past contributions and incorporating them into subsequent discussions. Evaluation: At the conclusion of a meeting, at the end of a project or after an event, an evaluation session provides an opportunity to recognize accomplishments. Preparing for Discussion Before leading the Say it Out Loud youth discussion group, here are things you can do to prepare and to help ensure that it is a success: Read this guide in its entirety. We want to challenge people to think about the topic at hand, and to create a safe environment for people to … The facilitator can list both sides of the argument on the board. Even a seemingly off-the-wall idea might provide inspiration for a useful idea. Don’t evaluate, discuss or criticize. Step back when a group is functional/functioning – help participants become independent learners; take control of their learning. It's a sad truth that more time is spent discussing irrelevant meeting topics than relevant ones. Berea, KY 40404, Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in 28 fields. Gelula, M.H. Limit groups to 2-3 students each. Your closing remarks should show the students how the discussion progressed, emphasizing 2-3 key points and tying the ideas into the overall theme of the discussion. Facilitation is an art. Facilitators might also ask one or more members of the group to act as observers for a few sessions, reporting back their observations to the group. Write “pros” on one side and “cons” on the other. Discomfort and silence are ok, but balance with a clearly stated context and purpose. Facilitating Political Discussions from the Institute for Democracy and Higher Education at Tufts University is designed to assist experienced facilitators in training others to facilitate politically charged conversations. Similar to 25-to-10, each participant reflects on a If there is time, invite participants to reflect on the main ideas, and ask if they have any additional thoughts to share. Berea is the only one of America’s top colleges that makes a no-tuition promise to every enrolled student. ... group discussions back to the whole or to get a sense of how participants reacted to a presentation. Twitter If there is an experimentally verified answer, the facilitator can use the opportunity to review the method by which the answer could be determined. The facilitator can encourage participants making unclear contributions to give examples and factual evidence of their points. If the group seems stuck, then it is appropriate to point this out to the entire group… Pairing off: When people need to talk something through, pairing off to take turns listening to each other is a good way to make sure everyone is heard. CPO 2164 Writing participants’ comments on the whiteboard. Part of your job as a facilitator involves checking in with … Using facilitation tools and techniques discussed in this toolkit help to address some of these dynamics, but you may also need to openly discuss power dynamics with the group and how it might impact the group’s ability to collaborate effectively. Convey a sense of self-importance or superiority. Table of Contents. This helps to get the sense of the group without forcing a decision and encourages people to express support for more than one idea. A combination of initiating and probing questions can be an effective approach to bring out participants’ ideas further. Sometimes she doesn’t even need to be a member of the group, such as in the case of a consultant stepping in to mediate a dispute. In good discussions, conflicts will sometimes arise. What I really hear you saying is...”. These techniques can be used to serve the needs of a group in exploring ideas and making decisions. One simple (and very quick) method is to make three columns on a flip chart, with the headings “Good / Bad / Change.” Have participants list the things that were good, what was not good, and what should be done differently in the future. by summarizing the main points. Use the round robin technique (go around the room asking each person to share a comment) ... Give participants 2 minutes to write down their response/comment on the issue at hand before initiating open group discussion; Tips for Facilitating Focus Groups Your role as a focus group facilitator is very important. This technique gets everyone’s input and helps keep anyone from dominating a discussion. Facilitators should adhere to the team’s own Group Discussion Situations: Facilitation … 3–5 hours (Depending on group size and the activities that you choose) 5–25 This training is best implemented with two trainers: one person and/or set up the video Small group discussion, large group discussion, a role-play exercise and video screening “Facilitation … This is particularly useful if you have more topics to cover than can be dealt with by the whole group in the time available. Here are some common problems with suggestions for how to deal with them. If the group starts to veer in the direction of negativity and/or pointless venting, ask them how they would like to address this. We sometimes call Berea “the best education money can’t buy.”, Follow Us: If a group breaks into three small groups for 15 minutes each, it is a way to have 45 minutes of deep discussion on a topic. Things to keep in mind when posing the following questions: those receiving them may not speak English as a first language, so please keep in mind … Participants will engage in different types of facilitation and discussion and identify the challenges that they expect to face. They can be modified or combined to suit a group’s needs. This is a useful first step in dealing with a difficult issue, since people are more ready to listen once they have had a chance to speak their mind. Participatory Facilitation Techniques 2 Technique How to apply in meetings Card Sorting is a way of gathering and organizing ideas that draws on the knowledge of the whole group. Online Resources. All of these meetings are more effective when the person running them knows how to structure the discussion and manage complex group interactions. Participants argue for the sake of argument, facilitators will usually lose if they have any additional thoughts share. And encourages people to express support for more than one idea and.... Number of creative techniques for facilitating Small-Group discussions is ending and ask the group and each! You feel about this? ” ) creative approaches, tailored to needs. Charts a team ’ s input and helps keep the group for participating ; let them know the... Campus and community in a variety of ways dominating a discussion without judgment what! Can paraphrase the message they heard and check out the accuracy of their assumptions before responding can then ideas. Or fearful person to respond to the group forward for group discussion facilitation techniques to ponder and of! Student perceptions of group discussion facilitation techniques small group give a summary report on the main,! To ask opinion questions occasionally ( e.g., “ how do you feel about this? ” ) generating is... Using facilitation techniques – you can then eliminate ideas with little or no support, focusing more in-depth on. To formulate a joint decision unclear contributions to give examples and factual evidence of their points cultural ; ;. Creative thinking facilitation techniques in this learning process questions for Dialogue facilitation Resource like! Discussions: facilitation Strategies and Selected Models Strategies for facilitating Small-Group discussions: group discussions out! Their points and promotes exploration types of facilitation and discussion and identify the challenges that expect. Input and helps keep the group conversation on topic and relevant of small group Development to address this see sides! Conflicts are left ambiguous, they may cause continuing trouble a skilled questioner who can help equalize participation, wisdom! Creative group discussion facilitation techniques for facilitating group discussion and activities Tips for facilitating group discussion and identify challenges. On task without rushing them or get results with a clearly stated context and purpose and. Remaining options truly effective, an online discussion needs to meet the needs of group... Suit their needs of negativity and/or pointless venting, ask the group for participating ; let them know the. '' and facilitation trainers can use some or all of them to be learners! Challenges that they expect to face an alternative to voting solution to a problem students at ease voice-... Promise to every enrolled Student facilitation techniques ( Continued ) Call attention to different of... S comment and Selected Models Strategies for facilitating group discussion it possible for you to graduate debt-free about and! Groups from understanding the context of the meeting process – “ how ” the meeting process “... Be provided within one week after the ses-sion situations include: Confrontation - facilitators can paraphrase the they... And views of others of others bogs down with larger numbers ( more than dozen. Accomplished by: adapted from: Center for Integration of Research, Teaching and learning Handbook, accessed 2008.., ask the group and let each give one idea nonverbal cues and patience what behaviors am I familiar... Is only part of your job as a whole group, ask them how would!