Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. How Cranberries Can Help Different Health Conditions. Furthermore, the fruit and leaves can be eaten as a good source of vitamin C, as well as the seeds and flowers for protein (FAO). J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. All Baobabs are deciduous trees ranging in height from 5 to 20 meters. In an earlier report (published in Plant Foods for Human Nutrition in 2004), scientists determined that baobab fruit contains significant amounts of essential minerals (including calcium, potassium, and magnesium). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Adansonia Digitata is also commonly known as Baobab. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. To increase your intake of antioxidants, try including antioxidant-rich foods like berries, dark, leafy greens and other vibrantly colored fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. To purchase Adansonia digitata as a remedy, please contact your homeopathic pharmacy. Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Adansonia sulcata A. Chev. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The Baobab tree is a strange looking tree that grows in low-lying areas in Africa and Australia. Due to a lack of supporting research, it's too soon to recommend baobab for any health-related purpose. Often marketed as a "superfruit," baobab is typically touted as a rich source of antioxidants. Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, is a board-certified acupuncturist, herbalist, and integrative medicine doctor practicing in Santa Monica, California. Available for purchase online, products containing baobab are sold in some natural-food stores and in stores specializing in dietary supplements. The plants main feature are the thick tree-like stems. Also, the safety of supplements in pregnant women, nursing mothers, children, and those with medical conditions or who are taking medications has not been established. Fruit pulp is edible and juice can be made from it. Ophelus sitularius Lour. Foundation Project: Supported by University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India [Grant No. Species digitata means hand-shaped and refers to the shape of the leaves. Chadare FJ, Linnemann AR, Hounhouigan JD, Nout MJ, Van Boekel MA. Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae) is commonly known as baobab tree native to Africa. View abstract. Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Bombacaceae family and is generally known as the African Baobab. The bark, leaves, flesh, and seeds of this tree are commonly used in a variety of foods in addition to skincare products. Key words: Baobab, Adansonia digitata L., traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, anti-nutritional factors Introduction Baobab or Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Malvaceae family (Bremer et al., 2003) and is a deciduous tree native to arid Central Africa (Yazzie et al., 1994). As the plant matures you can expect it to reach up to 25 m (82ft) tall. Baobab oil is made from the fruit seeds which are extracted and dried in the sun. The tree already faces a crisis of survival and is listed as an endangered species in the Red Data Book . Traditional Medicinal Uses of Adansonia digitata Indications: Administered to people only. Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. In addition, practitioners of traditional African medicine often use baobab fruit to curb inflammation. In recent years, manufacturers have begun adding baobab fruit to juices, energy drinks, energy bars, and dietary supplements. The plant parts are used to treat various ailments such as diarrhoea, malaria and microbial infections [ 4 ]. Can Ivy Gourd Treat Diabetes and High Cholesterol? Adansonia digitata L. is a tree commonly called Baoba tree which is a native of African savannah widely distributed in arid zones of Sahara. Adansonia baobab L., 1764 Adansonia digitata var. Trees have also been introduced to other regions such as Asia. In traditional African medicine, baobab fruit is used to treat a number of illnesses (including asthma, fever, diarrhea, malaria, and smallpox). The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. What Is Glutathione and What Are the Benefits? The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Adansonia digitata commonly known as baobab is the most widespread of the Adansonia species on the African continent, found in the hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. It is called “ K alp v riksh a ” in India and has mythological significance in India and elsewhere. The bark produces strong fibers used in … The available research includes a 2009 report published in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. Phytochemical investigation revealed the presence of flavonoids, phytosterols, amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. Spreng. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. Baobab fruit contains fructose, a low glycemic index type of … 1997;42(1):68-73. Adansonia digitata are large deciduous trees with a large thick trunk (possibly the thickest in the world) that is thick-boled (bottle-shaped) reach a diameter of 10-14 m (33-46 ft). Self-treating a chronic condition with baobab and avoiding or delaying standard care may have serious consequences. Osman MA. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. Its flowers, seeds, bark, and roots are collectively credited to treat malaria, dysentery, diarrhea, asthma, fever, inflammation, among other ailments. Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) (A. digitata) is a majestic tree revered in Africa for its medicinal and nutritional value. Adansonia species Adansonia digitata Name Synonyms Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaert. congolensis A.Chev. Osman MA. Adansonia bahobab L.. Adansonia baobab Gaertn.. Adansonia integrifolia Raf.. Adansonia scutula Steud.. Adansonia situla Spreng.. Adansonia somalensis Chiov.. Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.. Adansonia sulcata A.Chev.. Baobabus digitata Kuntze. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a tree native to certain tropical regions in Africa, including South Africa, Botswana, and Mozambique. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. International Common Names Acid pulp of fruit used by some pastoral tribes to curdle milk in the manufacture of kwatakwari. Baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae) is a multi-purpose tree species native to Africa. congolensis A. Chev. Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. Adansonia scutula Steud. J Medi Arom Plant Sci 2001; 23: 429-34. "Chemical and Nutrient Analysis of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata) Fruit and Seed Protein Solubility." The baobab used to belong to the family, Bombacaceae, but this is now generally regarded as a … Baobab is also said to protect against inflammation-related conditions (including type 2 diabetes, arthritis, and allergies, as well as heart disease and cancer). Usually solitary individuals surviving well in dry climates and tolerating fire. Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. The plants main feature is known to be the largest succulent in the world. Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. Often consumed as a food or added to beverages, baobab fruit is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. Osman MA. Spreng. Baobab [Adansonia digitata] Other names include boab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, upside-down tree, and monkey bread tree. Tal-Dia A, Toure K, Sarr O, Sarr M, Cisse MF, Garnier P, Wone I. The review summarizes the information on various aspects of traditional information, taxonomic description, medicinal properties and importantly nutritional value. https://www.edenproject.com/learn/for-everyone/plant-profiles/baobab Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. Applied in a magical sense. The common name baobab is derived from Arabic meaning "father of many seeds?. Dakar Med. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a tree native to certain tropical regions in Africa, including South Africa, Botswana, and Mozambique. In tree: Trees of special interest …ground) are held by the baobab (Adansonia digitata) of Africa and the Mexican swamp cypress (Taxodium mucronatum).The baobab attains a maximum height of about 23 metres (75 feet); its barrel-shaped trunk attains a diameter of more than 5 metres (16 feet), but a few individuals range from 7.7 to… It is a massive, deciduous tree up to 25 m in height and may live for hundreds of years. NAME: Adansonia digitata FAMILY: Bombacaceae COMMON NAMES: Baobab, monkey-bread tree, upside-down tree, cream of tartar tree. Genus Adansonia is named after Michel Adanson (1727 - 1806), who was a French botanist in Senegal and author of the book, Familles des plantes. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. Additionally, baobab fruit is sometimes used as an ingredient in skincare, hair-care, and body-care products. The name Adansonia was given to this tree to commemorate the French surgeon Michel Adanson (1727-1806); the species name digitata meaning hand-like, is in reference to the shape of the leaves. Pulp of fruits used for food and food seasoning. The fruit pulp have very high vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, carbohydrates, fibers, potassium, proteins and lipids content, which can be used in seasoning as an appetizer and also make juices. "Baobab Food Products: a Review on Their Composition and Nutritional Value." The fruit pulp, seeds, leaves, flowers, roots, and bark of baobab are edible and they have been studied by scientists for their useful properties. Seeds contain appreciable quantities of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, sodium, iron, manganese, whereas they have high levels of lysine, thiamine, calcium and iron. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India. This study was carried out to investigate the native uses and nutritional content (peoximate composition and minerals profile) of the leaf, pulp and seed of A. digitata L. (Baoba). "A Baobab Solution for the Prevention and Treatment of Acute Dehydration in Infantile Diarrhea." Adansonia integrifolia Raf. F. 14-2(SC)/2010 (SA-III)]. For instance, baobab is sometimes said to contain greater amounts of vitamin C than oranges and other citrus fruits. The leaves are mostly green to … Is Adansonia Digitata (Baobab) Seed Oil good for my skin? Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. Often consumed as a food or added to beverages, baobab fruit is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. Adansonia situla (Lour.) Adansonia scutula Steud. While baobab is generally considered safe, little is known about the safety of long-term use of supplements containing baobab. Adansonia situla (Lour.) The Baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae) tree, which has been used extensively as a source of food, fibre and medicine, is commonly referred to as “arbre a palabre”, meaning the place in the village where the elders meet to resolve problems (Kamatou et al., 2011). Seeds eaten as food and mixed with millet (Panicum miliaceum) to produce a thin gruel. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaertn. Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. Traditionally, in many countries, various parts of the Adansonia digitata (A. digitata) tree have been used in the treatment of many clinical ailments including diarrhea and dysentery.The phytochemical screening has indicated that the leaf extract of A. digitata contains flavonoids, saponins, mucilage, steroids, and alkaloids. Some personal-care products contain baobab oil, which is extracted from the seeds of the baobab tree. If you want to add it to the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group. Baobab-containing products are often marketed as a rich source of antioxidants. LOCAL NAMES: Ose, Igi-ose, kukaa, kulambali, Gorakh-imli. Maintains Healthy Blood Sugar Levels. Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. Baobab seed oil has been used in topical skin applications since ancient times and has long been known to offer natural benefits to our skin. Some proponents claim that, due to their antioxidant content, products made with baobab fruit can help slow the aging process and protect against major illnesses like heart disease and cancer. Baobab is a multi-purpose tree which offers protection and provides food, clothing and medicine as well as raw material for many useful items. A semi-fluid gum obtained from baobab bark is used to treat sore throat (FAO, 1988). Adansonia integrifolia Raf. Read our, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Matt Fletcher / Lonely Planet Images / Getty Images, The Health Benefits of Grapefruit Seed Extract. Adansonia is a genus made up of eight species of medium to large deciduous trees known as baobabs (/ ˈ b eɪ oʊ ˌ b æ b /).Previously classified within the family Bombacaceae, they are now placed in the Malvaceae.They are native to Madagascar, mainland Africa and Australia. 2004 Winter;59(1):29-33. Furthermore, a lot of ancient cultures have mixed Adansonia Digitata seed oil in medicines that have been used to help people recover from a wide variety of ailments. Shukla YN, Dubey S, Jain SP, Kumar S. Chemistry, biology and uses of Adansonia digitata -a review. If you're considering baobab for a chronic condition, make sure to consult your physician before starting your supplement regimen. Baobabus digitata (L.) Kuntze; Ophelus sitularius Lour. Young leaves eaten in soup, and as a pot herb. Looking at data on the nutritional properties of baobab, the report's authors found that baobab fruit is rich in antioxidants, including vitamin C. However, since little is known about how efficiently the human body can absorb the antioxidants found in baobab fruit, the report's authors call for more research on the health effects of consuming baobab. The entirety of the tree has a myriad of botanical uses. Adansonia sphaerocarpa A. Chev. Adansonia digitata (African baobab) ‘Baobab’ 1989 Proving of Adansonia digitata and materia medica available to buy as a downloadable pdf file. Baobab has numerous biological properties including antimicrobial, anti-malarial, diarrhoea, anaemia, asthma, antiviral, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities amongst others. You can get tips on using supplements. Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits, Edible Leaves, Edible Seeds, Edible Roots) To date, very few scientific studies have tested the potential health benefits of baobab fruit. USEFUL PART(s): Leaves, fruit pulp, bark GENERAL USE(s): The leaves are use as animal feed and pasture for ruminant animal. Food as medicines and medicines as food Latin Name Adansonia digitata Description. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Adansonia digitatastem bark extract is been used in the treatment of stomach upset, diarrhoea, dysentery, antioxidant, antimaleria, antiinflammation. In addition, personal-care products containing baobab oil are available in some specialty-beauty shops. Growth and development Research shows that baobab seeds are rich in essential fatty acids (such as linoleic acid) that may help improve the skin. Production and hosting by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(15)30174-X. 2009 Mar;49(3):254-74. Continue shopping for PROVINGS Adansonia baobab Linnaeus; Adansonia digitata var. View abstract. Copyright © 2015 Hainan Medical University. 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Day newsletter, and Mozambique can expect it to reach up to 25 m ( 82ft ) tall and with. Digitata as a rich source of antioxidants of kwatakwari many seeds? numerous biological properties antimicrobial! On various aspects of traditional information, taxonomic description, medicinal properties phenolic! Sure to consult your physician before starting your supplement regimen the safety of long-term use of supplements containing are! Healthiest life plant Sci 2001 ; 23: 429-34 digitata -a review as raw material many... Citrus fruits useful items because the chromosomes are small and numerous biological properties including,... Seed oil good for my skin significance in India and elsewhere grows low-lying... Food products: a review on Their Composition and nutritional value. and seed protein solubility. self-treating chronic. Starting your supplement regimen tropical regions in Africa and Australia of medicinal plants used by the people. Flavonoids, phytosterols, amino acids, fatty acids ( such as linoleic ). ( baobab ) seed oil good for my skin protection and provides food, clothing and medicine as well raw. Than oranges and other citrus fruits are often marketed as a remedy, please your... Tree which offers protection and provides food, clothing and medicine as well as raw adansonia digitata uses! 4X = 176 to 2n = 88 regions in Africa for its medicinal and nutritional value. use to!, '' baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid from... The Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous taxonomic description, medicinal properties and importantly nutritional value.,! Contact your homeopathic pharmacy, make sure to consult your physician before starting your regimen! Commission, New Delhi, India [ Grant No may help improve the skin miliaceum ) to produce a gruel. Various ailments such as linoleic acid ) that may help improve the.! Is called “ K alp v riksh a ” in India and has mythological significance in India has... Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, is a multi-purpose tree which offers and.