This has led to its current ‘near extinction’ status. Tropical America. Boasting rich hues — ranging from mellow ambers, to reddish cinnamons and sienna browns — Western Red Cedar is one of the most unique, beautiful softwoods in the world. Comments: Whilst there are many plantation pine species available, there is something special about this old growth heart pine. Walnut trees are known to grow in regions within close proximity to rivers and other bodies of water — primarily in the eastern part of the US, but stretching into the central part of the country, as well as into southern Canada (Ontario). Sustainability: This species is not currently listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The color of the heartwood can vary from a light golden tan to a light to medium brown. What Happens if Your Credit Card Chip Isn’t Reading, The 20 Best Things to Do in Fairbanks, Alaska, for First Timers, A Traveler’s Guide to Hiking in Queens, NY. Secondly, the tree is comprised of two entirely different layers: at its core is a soft, spongy cellulose mass; this soft core is surrounded by a protective body, comprised of dense, overlapping layers of interwoven fibrovascular strands. Other than the tear-out commonly associated with interlocking grains, the wood has good working properties. $15.00 + $11.00 shipping . The wood itself sells for approximately $10,000 per kilogram, although the price can go up considerably in certain cases. Typical colors range from a pale yellow to cream, and a variety of figured grain patterns are commonly found — typically accompanied by dramatic levels of chatoyance — which makes it very popular with veneer mills. More commonly known as “Pale Moon Ebony” to US guitar luthiers and aficionados, this Southeast Asian true-Diospyros ebony is, without question, the world’s most difficult, perplexing exotic wood — and, at times, one of its most visually stunning. Mexican Cocobolo and the Nicaraguan “Black Coco” are the two preferred varieties with furniture craftsmen. Moisture can't wick up its end grain. Comments: Sipo makes a really great mahogany substitute, with nice color and stunning aesthetics, when quartersawn. Common Uses: Tool handles, oars, flooring, textile rollers, drawing instruments, canoes, cabinets, furniture, paneling, decorative plywood, veneer, turnings and carvings. Desert Ironwood (Palo Fierro in Spanish) only grows in the Sonoran Desert in Southwestern Arizona and the Northwestern part of Mexico.? Comments: Before chewing gum manufacturers went the synthetic route, the latex derived from the Dyera Costulata trees’ sap kept the species in steady demand. It has a base of brown-toned hues, highlighted by a variety of colors which can range from muted purples to reds, oranges and golds, Its pleasing aesthetics and great working and finishing properties make it a popular choice with guitar and furniture builders, alike. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, turned items, furniture, boatbuilding, electric guitar building, and interior trim. The wood has been found to outlast both iron and brass when you as machinery bearings. The majority of the lumber arriving at our facility is 4/4 and 8/4. (… but who would want to stain it??) You can see the availability of each species in our exotic lumber section. African Blackwood often appears almost completely black, with its grains hardly discernible. The Diospyros tree is the origin of ebony wood, which is sufficiently … It is typically straight-grained, although knots are commonly present. Prized for its typically deep chocolate color (often highlighted by red or purple streaks and/or tint), straight grains (though sometimes irregular), fine texture and warm luster, the wood has an excellent strength-to-weight ratio and is considered to have solid dimensional stability after drying. Comments: Larger trees are cut almost exclusively for their often quite dramatic slabs — which appeal to South American furniture craftsmen, as well as exotic slab importers around the world. It is renowned for its sometimes amazing array of colors and for being a very dense, stable, durable wood (making it well suited for both major industry applications). Also akin to its American counterpart, European Beech wood is non-durable and unstable to the point of commonly experiencing movement in service. Although it has traditionally been used as an ornamental or accent wood, it has enjoyed a recent surge of popularity among turners for its fine aesthetic and turning properties. Conversely, Ken Goldstein’s 2009 “Janka Hardness Test For Hardwoods” ( shows Boire having measured at 1326 lbf. It is named after the classy and luxurious wood... 8 – Agar Wood. Its consistence, light color and light density and hardness (bordering on that of a softwood) makes it a popular wood for hand carvings. Name Money/unit log Money/unit plank Plank Color / … Its toughness, strength and excellent bending characteristics has seen the wood utilized in marine applications for centuries throughout the European continent. Like many woods of comparable density, it can be difficult to work and hard on blades, but that is of little concern to those who have experience with this regal ebony species. For example, cherry wood is orange-colored wood. Wide boards are seldom found; just as is finding a clear (knot-free) piece! The wood has a high natural oil content, which can make it difficult to glue but gives it a beautiful luster and renders an excellent finish. Usually seen in … (Its color darkens as it ages.) Sustainability: Not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is listed as “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The wood itself is a dark, rich chocolate brown or black color that is striking to look at. A lot of it has to do with how rare the wood is in the first place. Its density makes it hard on cutting tools and saw blades, and it can be difficult to glue, due to its high natural oil content. The wood is sometimes available in the US as precut flooring, although lumber is not too commonly found — due, in part, to being overly exploited in a significant portion of its natural range. With its sometimes stunning aesthetic qualities, Redheart has been a popular turning wood; it is starting to appear more frequently in custom electric guitar building (necks, fretboards, etc. It is a tough, durable wood, usually possessing fairly cooperative working properties — although its silica content can gum up blades and cutting tools, and there can be tearout issues with boards with interlocking grain patterns. You will never see long, wide boards of this species, and it is considered the most expensive exotic wood in the world when you calculate cost per board-foot vs. the actual usable portions which are produced from log / half-log resaws. Tamboti emits a fragrant, spicy smell when worked, and the smell can actually persist for years. This wood is considered to be one of the most cooperative, user-friendly hardwoods is the world, although it can sometimes be resistant to absorbing a stain. Thus, the most desired part of the Swamp Ash trees are from its midsection down to its trunk. Sustainability: Not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, although the species has been classified as a “Protected Tree” in South Africa. Sustainability: Not currently listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Sustainability: Listed in CITES Appendix II, but not on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; part of the Dalbergia -genus worldwide exportation ban. The Diospyros tree is the origin of ebony wood, which is sufficiently thick and is able to drain in water. African Rosewood is a species from the same genus as Bubinga (Guibourtia), which has led to Bubinga often mistakenly being referred to as “African Rosewood.” Though obviously not a true rosewood, it does often bear aesthetic similarities. Sustainability: Not currently listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (It is still very popular throughout Southern Africa for indoor carpentry and floors, as it is also dimensionally stable.) Quality mahogany has excellent workability and beautifully consistent grain. Premium-grade examples have a dramatically figured, two-toned satiny look, with a deep chatoyance. It ranges massively in color and can have some stunning figures as a result. The wood has become quite popular as a body wood with many electric guitar luthiers who are familiar with it. Although it can have varying grains, straight-grained pieces are generally very easy to work, and the wood turns smoothly and finishes well. The wood is notorious for being slow to dry. 10. Palms are known for their signature trunks, with gradually shrink in diameter, from the ground to its top. Comments: Leopardwood is often confused with Lacewood as they have a similar “leopard-like” pattern, but it is considerably heavier and denser. The 10 Best Cartier Diamond Watches of All-Time, A Buyer’s Guide to Getting a Cartier Panthere. Despite its large pores and generally coarse surface, the wood works, glues and holds a stain and/or a finish very well. Due to the lack of a categorized source of different types of colored wood, we decided to take a look at the natural colored wood and introduce the wood species for each color. The scientific explanation is that the impregnated Ambrosia Beetle burrows into the maple tree (presumably for a safe place to deposit larvae), carrying fungi on its feet into the wood — which serves as food for the insect’s offspring, when they hatch. Depending on specific species, Anigre has varying degrees of silica content. This very tough wood has an excellent strength-to-weight ratio. The Wood Database lists trees as growing to maturity at heights ranging from 100 – 130 feet, and trunk diameters of 3 to 5 feet. The wood has also become a popular choice with luthiers, for acoustic guitar soundboards. Please note the Good Wood Guide was produced in 1997, so some of the information may no longer be correct. The wood is not particularly well known in the US, as exports have been sporadic and, thus, supplies are quite limited. How Neil Patrick Harris Achieved a Net Worth of $50 Million, How Al Roker Achieved a Net Worth of $70 Million, How Nina Dobrev Achieved a Net Worth of $11 Million, How Nikki Glaser Achieved a Net Worth of $2 Million. Its pores are some of the largest of any commercial lumber in the world, with vessel diameters routinely between 300 and 500 micrometers. Pecky Wood. Its steady demand there equates to very little of it making it to the US. It was pushed close to the brink of extinction back in the 18th century, thus its current “endangered” status and very limited availability come as no surprise. Comments: Hardly ever seen here, this is an oak that remains in short supply in the US. Indian Ebony is a true ebony which has been commonly used as a substitute for Gabon Ebony, due to its similar aesthetics. We do carry other thicknesses and turning squares in certain species. Shedua turns, glues and finishes quite well. Weight and density can vary greatly — depending upon the actual species — the typical varieties of maple figuring can also be present, often creating some very unique, visually spectacular specimens. While its grain patterns can be straight, wavy, irregular or interlocked, its texture is fine and it has an impressive natural luster. As a result it is used a lot in guitars and ukuleles. Sipo Mahogany (commonly referred to as either just “Sipo” or “Utile”) is an African wood that is considered to be the closest, aesthetically, to Genuine Mahogany (although not a true “Swietenia”). Many of the highly figured logs are consumed by the veneer industry. Larger boards are becoming more sought after by acoustic guitar luthiers in the US (for back-and-sides sets), although they remain in demand for furniture and cabinet makers, domestically. Red Alder Wood: Red Alder tends to be a light tan to reddish-brown; color darkens and reddens with age. After sanding, a deep, very dark chocolate color emerges.). It makes the wood most popular for making fine pieces of furniture, largely because the whole project is completely transformed once it’s polished. Its resistance to rot and bug damage and excellent strength-to-weight ratio make it suitable for a variety of indoor and outdoor applications, although its density and typically interlocked grains can make it difficult to work and hard on blades. Its handsome aesthetics will stay attractive even after many years of service. Weight, Density and mechanical properties can vary, depending on climate and conditions. The natural wood colors chart can be a need for those who are interested in using natural wood color. Here you will find a list of tree-related articles. That said, the wood is reputed to flourish under difficult growing conditions, so supplies are still accessible. While the net effect of all this has been to create a ‘mahogany substitute’ segment of the exotic wood import industry — bringing woods such as Sapele and African Mahogany more into favor — the demand for Genuine Mahogany hasn’t waned. Its heartwood is usually a light to medium brown, often with a reddish hue. [Ironically, perhaps, more strikingly figured examples (with pommelle or waterfall figuring) can fetch prices greatly eclipsing typical rosewood price thresholds.] Of these lighter maples, Red Maple has the most weight and density, and is also the most prevalent — growing in areas scattered all over the Eastern US and up into (Eastern) Canada. Wood Types. It works, turns and finishes easily, and beautifully, although boards which feature interlocked grains can occasionally pose tearout issues when planing, joining or resawing. Its grains are typically interlocked (although they can be irregular or straight), which can make it difficult to work. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, cabinetry and furniture; in board form it?s used for boatbuilding, general carpentry, and other light construction uses. Sapwood is easily distinguishable by its dull off-white to pale yellow hue. It works easy, and has aesthetic appeal. The wood is decidedly non-durable and susceptible to insect attack. Surfboards are a great example of beautifully crafted projects that can be made of Balsa wood. It’s dark, savory red tones, untypically, do not fade, mute or darken much over time. Between the tree’s natural oils and latex production, resawing the wood tends to gum up saw blades. Across the midwest, from the 1950’s through the ’70’s, the population of Elms was decimated. Most knowledgeable sources compare its weight and density to Brazilian Rosewood. Comments: This is a very popular wood for storing precious articles of clothing and personal effects, and any applications where its fragrance can offset more odiferously offensive items (such as shoes). Stain soaks into the end grain of these types of wood more readily than the rest of it, creating a blotchy look. Is it Illegal to Use a Business Credit Card for Personal Use? It is noted for its beauty, durability, strength and stability, thus making this tough, versatile wood ideal for a variety of applications. While being considered a strong, durable wood, Wenge’s course, rugged texture makes it very splintery — making some craftsmen hesitant to use it. Mahogany. Comments: Its commonly-seen pertruding roots (humorously known as “knees”) are sometimes harvested for large carvings. Given this, what little makes it to the US market arrives with very high moisture levels, necessitating further drying. A cousin of the more popular and well-known African tonewood, Bubinga, Ovangkol/Shedua is a softer wood (of similar weight and density) with handsome, yet greatly varying aesthetics. The striking aesthetics higher-grade pieces possess make this wood coveted among furniture and cabinet craftsmen, as well as both acoustic and electric guitar luthiers. (In fact, during the ’50?s and ’60?s, the great flamenco guitar crafters considered it to be the only acceptable substitute to Brazilian Rosewood.). Its color can range from a pale pink to a light to medium reddish-brown, and it is renowned for its chatoyance. Masur Birch (also known as Karelian Birch) is not a species in of itself, but rather a particular grain figure that occurs in various species of European Birch. It comes in a variety of figures — including Birdseye and Tiger Maple figurings — and its soft pale white to pale yellow complexion is sometimes augmented by light blue, red or pinkish tints and highlights, with a marvelous luster and often a luxurious sheen. It is much more commonly found in smaller, craft-sized pieces. Sandalwood – $ 20,000 Per Kilogram Despite not being as oily as Gabon, Indian Ebony still produces a wonderful natural luster and sheen when finished. The wood is considered very durable and also resistant to bug / insect / termite attack, which accordingly has seen it used in outdoor applications for centuries in its native Africa. It can be difficult to work due to its density and interlocked grain. : “When Portuguese ships discovered the trees on the coast of South America, they found that the wood yielded a red dye?which made for a very valuable and lucrative trading commodity. What Does it Technically Mean When a Porsche is a Turbo? Sustainability: This species is listed in CITES Appendix II, but not yet on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Comments: If you’re a guitarist who likes the look of ebony, but prefers a softer feel, Indian Ebony might be the perfect choice. Beech, English Spalted. Common Uses: Inlay, carving, regional utility wood, furniture, musical instruments and turned objects. Comments: Although Berlinia’s introduction to the US exotic woods market was a rather recent one, it has quickly proven to be an interesting, unique lumber. This wood is perhaps the most expensive hardwood for furniture in almost all countries. It is said that before metal products were introduced, Africans made their tilling hoes from this lumber. Indigenous to the southern region of Africa, the Mopane tree is known for its butterfly-shaped leaves — leaves which are initially a bright green color, later transforming into a cache of reds, oranges, and yellows, in the autumn season. A variety known as “Pecky Cypress” –which is Swamp Cypress which has been peckered on, for many years, by birds — is quite popular throughout the southerneastern coastal belt for use as a decorative interior wood. The wood can have a similar appearance to that of Zebrawood, although Marblewood is a more coarse wood and the two species are unrelated. Its pores are very small by rosewood standards; it sands smooth and finishes beautifully, with a wonderful natural luster. It is relatively easy to work, although it can be very difficult to dry. Engelmann Spruce is typically a high-altitude mountain evergreen tree, indigenous to the mountainous regions of western North America, with scattered, isolated distribution in surrounding lower-level areas. Both American Beech and its European counterpart are known for their pale cream coloration, which is often augmented by a pink or light- to medium-colored muted reddish-brown hue. Aesthetically, its typically more on the bland side (compared to a Mahogany), although more desirable examples of the species can be highly-figured. Once you’re passed that, it is generally easy to work, and glues and finishes well. *Due to cites restrictions, we are unable to ship Nicaraguan Rosewood internationally. African Mahogany is a wood that continues to grow in popularity — so much so that this new millennium has seen its various species be replanted into tropical regions in Central America, as well as becoming a contemporary plantation roster addition. Genuine Teak is one of the world’s most well-known and coveted woods. According to the only sources we could find willing to step up to the plate on this wood, Amara Ebony and Macassar Ebony are of the exact same species (Diospyros Celebica), with the difference put forth being that Amara is exclusive to Indonesia. Common Uses: Flooring, furniture, cabinetry, musical instruments, tool handles, shipbuilding, railroad ties, turned objects, and other small specialty items. Known commonly by its nickname, “White Walnut” (a nickname which is earned, as it is a member of the true walnut genus, Juglans), Butternut is considerably lighter and less dense than its walnut (Juglans genus) compatriots; combined with its light weight and low density and hardness, it is very easy to work. Without question, one of the world’s hardest, most dense woods, Argentinian Lignum Vitae is very similar to its namesake — the world’s most dense wood, genuine Lignum Vitae — in appearance, working properties and physical characteristics. Trees can grow to towering proportions, so the larger specimens are often cut into large, live-edge slabs. Despite its toughness (and interlocked grains), it is generally not difficult to work; it glues and finishes well. Its straight grains and medium texture give comparable working and steam-bending properties to its American first cousin; it machines, turns, glues and finishes with ease. Common Uses: Veneer, fine furniture, inlay, musical instruments, turned objects, and small specialty wood items. Although it has never been scientifically proven, the prevailing school of thought is that the figuring is reportedly caused by unfavorable growing conditions. For more information about a type of wood, go to its respective page. Common Uses: Furniture, veneer, cabinetry, flooring / parquee flooring, gunstocks, musical instruments (in particular, guitars), entrance doors, turnings, decorative beams, trim and small specialty items. 5/11/20: from today's newsletter: Pink Ivory & Briar Burl:rare squares &Buckeye Burl & Amboyna Burl : some very high grade pieces & Figured Bubinga: restock of 2 x 2 x 12 squares 3/4/20: Jerusalem Olivewood: Pen blanks restocked after many years of waiting. The same sources list Bocote’s Janka Hardness at 2200 lbf, also, and the Hon Rw examples we have handled are far more dense than any Bocote. It is thus very expensive and valuable and its fine grains help it to retain its perfume for long. Mahogany Mahogany is a close grained hardwood, native to South America and the West Indies. The difference between the two is the subject matter. Grains are typically straight, though sometimes interlocked. Common Uses: Veneer, carving, furniture, interior trim, boxes, and crates. Comments: The density, hardness and weight of this species can vary greatly, depending on the specific region and conditions of its growth. A variety of different, quite strunning figures often decorate its grains (pommelle, waterfall, mottled and wildly flamed); its base color can range from a lighter pinkish red to light- to medium-brown. It grows in some regions of the African… Learn how your comment data is processed. Comments: Although Engelmann Spruce is a fairly cheap, easily accessible lumber, clear instrument-grade, quartersawn billets can be very pricey — as small knots are quite common in the species, and such coveted clear pieces typically are derived from undisturbed specimens grown at higher altitudes. Its heartwood color can vary from a light golden brown to a medium brown with a reddish or purplish tint. It’s heartwood color can vary from almost black to dark brown, to more medium brown tones with a reddish tint; the sap is easily distinguished by its contrasting pale yellow coloration. Fortunately, to this point, its supply has continued to steadily grow, in response to this demand. It was extensively used in railway sleepers, as well as in multiple phases of construction. Trees can grow to towering heights, so sizable boards are not uncommon. Tulipwood. Common Uses: Flooring, boatbuilding, walking sticks, handles, construction, exterior utility wood, furniture, and turned objects. ), It is interesting to note that the tree is not actually a true Poplar (of the Populus genus), is a member of the Liriodendron genus. Comments: Exercise caution when working with this wood. Here you will find a list of tree-related articles. Common Uses: Flooring / parque flooring, paneling, veneer, musical instruments (in particular, guitar), furniture, cabinets, archery bows, walking canes, handles, ornaments, laminates and segmented woodturnings. Betula spp. Comments: Despite its oily nature, Bocote is surprisingly cooperative when gluing. With a jet black base, occasional brown to muted orange striping (from mineral deposits) and a sap which can range from pale yellow to tan, one could certainly be forgiven for mistaking one for the other. Common Uses: Veneer, flooring, furniture, cabinets, trim, musical instruments and turned objects. Sustainability: This species is listed in CITES Appendix II, and is categorized as “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; part of the Dalbergia -genus worldwide exportation ban. Common Uses: Carvings, trim, inlays, furniture, guitars, knife handles, and turned objects. 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